Basalt Fiber Cloth/Fabric

The basalt fiber cloth of our company adopts twisted or untwisted basalt continuous fibers as raw materials, and is woven with plain, twill and satin weaves. Divided into unidirectional cloth, bidirectional cloth and multi-directional cloth. Relying on the temperature resisitance, corrosion resistance, high strenght and modulus, and electrical insulation of basalt fiber, it is processed by hand lay-up, pultrusion, autoclave, vacuum introduction, winding, resin transfer and other processes, combined with unsaturated polyester resin (UP) or epoxy resin (EP). 

Basalt fiber cloth is a type of textile sheet material that has characteristics such as non flammability, flame retardancy, smokelessness, non conductivity, and high temperature resistance. In order to fully utilize the reinforcement effect of basalt fiber cloth, corresponding sizing agents are evenly coated on the monofilament. The mechanical properties of basalt fiber cloth: tensile strength>2000MPa, tensile modulus of elasticity>9GPa, elongation at failure>2.2%, alkali resistance (tensile strength retention rate)>75%

At present, basalt fiber cloth has successfully produced insulation materials, substrates for fiberglass products, automotive components, hulls, sports equipment, road construction, bridge construction, fan blades, advanced models, pressure vessels, friction and sealing materials, etc. At the same time, it is widely used in fields such as firefighters' firefighting protective clothing, thermal insulation clothing, fire avoidance clothing, furnace workers' protective clothing, welding work clothing, and military armored vehicle occupants' flame-retardant clothing.
Basalt Fiber Fabric
Basalt fiber fabric, also known as basalt fiber woven fabric, is made by weaving high-performance basalt fibers through twisting, warping, and other processes. Basalt fiber cloth is a high-performance fabric with excellent performance, high strength, uniform texture, smooth surface, and diverse weaving processes. It can be woven into lightweight fabrics with good low density and breathability, as well as thick and stiff fabrics with high density and strength.

Common basalt fiber fabrics include basalt fiber plain weave fabric, basalt fiber twill fabric, basalt fiber satin fabric, basalt fiber Bi-axial fabric, basalt fiber Tri-axial fabric, etc
Features and Application
Features :
⊙High temperature resistance, corrosion resistance, and excellent physical and chemical properties
⊙Thermal insulation, insulation, fire prevention and flame retardancy
⊙High strength, small thickness, and good flexibility
⊙Aging resistance, climate resistance, high strength, and smooth appearance
⊙Yarn has no buckling, parallel stretching, and excellent mechanical properties
⊙Designability, multi-directional mechanical performance, and the ability to freely design and enhance effects according to actual needs
Application:
Widely used in fields such as electronics, chemical engineering, aerospace, shipbuilding, automotive, construction, fan blades, sports equipment, etc., it is also an indispensable basic material in cutting-edge technology.
Product Description
Plain Cloth
Basalt fiber plain weave fabric is a fabric with a plain weave weave made of high-strength basalt fibers, with warp and weft yarns interwoven every other yarn. Basalt fiber plain weave fabric has excellent properties such as non flammability, corrosion resistance, high temperature resistance, high strength, and insulation. Basalt fiber plain weave fabric has an alkali resistance of ≥ 75%, is waterproof, fireproof, high-temperature resistant, low temperature absorption, acid and corrosion resistant, and does not deform.

Diameter: 6-22 μm;
Density: Customizable, generally less than 1000g/㎡;
Width: Customizable, usually 56cm, 100cm, 127cm;
Warp and weft weaving density: there are 5 fiber bundles in the 1cm warp length and 5 fiber bundles in the 1cm weft length, which can be customized, generally ranging from 3 * 3 to 15 * 15.

Performance:
*Fire retardant: non flammable and non smoking.
*Temperature resistance: -260 ℃~650 ℃.
 
Twill Cloth
Basalt fiber twill fabric is a fabric woven from high-strength basalt fibers with two upper and lower twills and a 45 ° left diagonal weave. Compared with plain weave fabric, basalt fiber twill fabric has a high density and strength of warp and weft yarns, and a soft and loose fabric structure. It is suitable for reinforced material products with large thickness, as well as high-quality materials for air dust removal and filtration materials and silicone coated products.

Diameter: 6-22 μm;
Density: generally not greater than 900g/m ²;
Wide width: generally 100cm, 127cm;
Warp and weft weaving density: there are 5 fiber bundles in the 1cm warp length and 5 fiber bundles in the 1cm weft length, which can be customized, generally ranging from 3 * 3 to 15 * 15.

Application and Features:
*High tensile strength, fast resin penetration, good electrical insulation performance, and flat fabric surface;
*Used in the fields of helmet products, sports equipment, and musical instrument packaging products;
*The pre impregnated basalt fiber twill fabric product with silver plated powder has radiation protection function.
Satin Cloth
Basalt fiber satin fabric is a type of fabric woven with high-strength basalt fibers, consisting of two adjacent warp or weft yarns with individual organizational points uniformly distributed but discontinuous. Compared with plain and twill fabrics, satin fabrics are fabrics with higher warp and weft yarn density and strength, as well as loose fabrics with good hand feel. They are suitable for making composite materials with high protective and mechanical properties.

Diameter: usually 7-11 μm;
Density: generally not greater than 500g/m ²;
Wide width: generally 50cm, 100cm, 127cm;
Warp and weft weaving density: there are 21 fiber bundles in a 1cm warp length and 21 fiber bundles in a 1cm weft length, which can be customized and generally higher than plain and twill fabrics.

Application:
-The soft connection between the generator set, boiler, and chimney, the insulation of the engine compartment, fire curtains, fire blankets, fire blankets, welding blankets, fire bags, etc.
*Basalt fiber satin fabric is pre impregnated with epoxy resin and formaldehyde resin to produce high-strength pre impregnated materials, which have good toughness and elasticity. It can be pressed into various high
*strength bulletproof products and is a high-quality reinforcing material for fishing rods and paddleboards.
Unidirectional Cloth
Basalt fiber unidirectional fabric is a type of fiber fabric woven with high-performance basalt fibers, which has a large amount of untwisted roving in one direction (warp direction) and only a small amount of fine yarn in the other direction (weft direction), with all strength in the first direction (warp direction). Basalt fiber unidirectional cloth is used for reinforcement, reinforcement, and repair of buildings and bridges. In some aspects, basalt fiber unidirectional cloth has more outstanding comprehensive performance and cost-effectiveness than carbon fiber unidirectional cloth.

Diameter: usually 7-16 μm;
Weaving density: There are 3.6 warp yarns within a 1cm weft length, generally 3.6 yarns/cm and 4.4 yarns/cm;
Density: generally 200-400g/m ²;
Width: generally 10-100cm;

Application:
*Reinforcement, Reinforcement, and Repair of Buildings and Bridge Structures
*Radome, engine components, radar antenna
*Tank armored vehicle body, structural components, wheel hubs, torsion bars, and sleeves
*Sports water skiing, alpine skis, surfboards, etc
Multiaxial Cloth
The basalt fiber multi axial fabric is sewn using internationally advanced (German) multi axial weaving equipment and technology. Due to the significant increase in elastic modulus and strength of basalt fiber multi axial fabric composite materials. Widely used in wind power generation, ships, automobiles, high-speed trains, sports equipment, building reinforcement, aerospace, aviation, bulletproof, protective and other fields.

Diameter: usually 7-16 μ M;
Density: Customizable
Axial: 0 °/90 °/± 45 °
Width: Customizable

Application:
*Wind turbine blades, ships;
*Cars, high-speed trains, sports equipment;
*erospace, aviation, bulletproof, protective and other fields.
Blended Cloth
Basalt fiber blended fabric is made by blending high-performance basalt fiber yarn with chemical fiber yarn.

Performance characteristics:
At the same time, it has the characteristics of chemical fiber materials and basalt fibers that are resistant to high temperature and chemical corrosion.

Applicable:
* Flame retardant protective clothing materials
* Fireproof curtain fabric and high-temperature resistant filter fabric
* Firewall fabric
* Interior panels, etc
Basalt Fiber Woven Roving
Basalt fiber checkerboard is a plain weave fabric woven from high-performance basalt fiber untwisted roving, which is the substrate for various composite material products.

Basalt fiber checkered fabric is woven from untwisted roving with excellent bundling, permeability, and zonality. Mainly used as a reinforcing material for fiber reinforced plastics, suitable for various processes such as contact molding to produce various composite material products. It is an ideal material to replace expensive high-performance fiber products such as carbon fiber in the manufacturing of composite material hulls and wind turbine blades.

At present, we have applied basalt fiber grid cloth to the engineering field as the base fabric of composite materials, which has played a good strengthening role. The characteristics of the finished product are high strength, less hairiness, fast immersion speed, easy layering, and low strength loss in wet environments with defoaming. The base plate has good light transmittance.
Features and Application
Features:
⊙Excellent strength, good chemical stability, acid resistance, alkali resistance, corrosion resistance, excellent performance at high and low temperatures (operating temperature range -269 ℃ -650 ℃), excellent resistance to ultraviolet radiation, and permanent flame retardancy;
⊙The fabric is uniform, with straight edges and a flat mat like surface, without stains, fuzzing, creases, wrinkles, etc; The density of warp and weft, mass per unit area, fabric width, and roll length are all composite standards;
⊙Wrap it evenly on a long and straight cardboard tube, with neat ends;
⊙Using a unique wetting agent formula, the untwisted roving is not easy to be soft and fluffy, and has good adhesion and permeability with resin;
⊙The fabric has good physical and chemical properties, and can meet the requirements for mechanical strength in both dry and wet states.
Application Field:
1. Military equipment   2. Shipbuilding industry   3. Automotive industry  4. Special fields such as bulletproof equipment (such as the explosion-proof and anti-terrorism industry)  5. Sports equipment   6. Entertainment supplies   7. Various models.
Application Example:
⊙Wear resistant wheel pads, brake pads, clutch pads;
2⊙ Military equipment, fireproof packaging boxes, non-metallic gun barrels, etc. (radomes, engine components, radar antennas; tank and armored vehicle bodies, structural components, wheel hubs, torsion bars, and sleeves);
⊙Sports water skiing, alpine skis, surfboards, etc;
⊙ Entertainment items such as golf clubs and fishing rods;
⊙Silencers for cars, motorcycles, etc.
Basalt Fiber Mesh Cloth
Basalt fiber mesh fabric is woven by a special organizational structure - leno weave, using basalt fiber woven textile as the substrate, and then subjected to high-temperature heat setting treatment such as reinforcing agents. As a result, it has good resistance to alkalinity, flexibility, and high tensile strength in both longitudinal and latitudinal directions, and can be widely used for insulation, waterproofing, crack resistance, and other purposes on both internal and external walls of buildings.
Features :
⊙Good chemical stability. Alkali resistance, acid resistance, water resistance, cement corrosion resistance, and other chemical corrosion resistance; Strong adhesion to resin, easily soluble in styrene, etc.
⊙ High strength, high modulus, and lightweight.
⊙Good dimensional stability, rigidity, flatness, non shrinkage and deformation, and good positioning.
⊙Durable, resistant to deformation, high tensile strength, and good impact resistance. (Due to the high strength and good toughness of the mesh fabric)
⊙ Protect against mold and insects.
⊙ Fire prevention, insulation, sound insulation, insulation, and environmental protection
Application:
⊙On wall reinforcement materials such as wall mesh, GRC wall panels, EPS inner and outer wall insulation boards, gypsum boards, etc.
⊙Reinforced cement products (such as Roman columns, flues, etc.).
⊙Granite, mosaic mesh, marble back facing mesh.
⊙Waterproof roll cloth and asphalt roof waterproofing.
⊙ Reinforce the skeleton material of plastic and rubber products.
⊙Fireproof board.
⊙Grinding wheel base cloth.
⊙ Geogrid for highway pavement.
⊙Caulking tape for construction.
Basalt Fiber Tapes/Sleeve
The basalt sleeve and basalt fiber woven tape are woven with basalt fibers. They can be applied through molding and surface treatment. They have excellent electrical insulation, high temperature resistance, and chemical corrosion resistance, Therefore, they can be used as insulation sleeves, basic reinforcement materials for various pipes, reinforcement materials for high-temperature resistant composite pipelines, etc.
Application prospect of basalt fiber fabric
Basalt fiber unidirectional fabric not only has high tensile strength, but also has a good elongation rate (3.1%). When in the ultimate state of failure, a large amount of energy can be absorbed through spontaneous deformation, which has excellent performance in seismic reinforcement, improving the resistance to motion loads and impact of building structures. Basalt fiber unidirectional fabric is a non-conductive insulation material. In subway tunnels, electrified railways, and some building reinforcement projects with high requirements for anti magnetization, electrical insulation, and anti magnetic performance, basalt fiber unidirectional fabric has obvious advantages. The basalt fiber cloth has high fracture strength, high temperature resistance, and permanent flame retardancy, and is expected to become a low-cost substitute for high-performance fibers such as aramid and carbon fibers, with a huge market prospect.
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